While bulging veins in the legs are visible signs of varicose veins, there are other symptoms like swelling and pain. Did you know that these swollen veins can result in venous leg ulcers? Four percent of people over the age of 65 are at risk of having leg ulcers. Have you been diagnosed with leg ulcers? Are you in need of a vein specialist? United Vein Centers in Chicago is a vein clinic with numerous facilities spread across the USA. Our board-certified doctors and staff have a vast knowledge of vein health. Want to know more about our services? Read on to discover more!
What Are Venous Leg Ulcers?
Leg ulcers are chronic sores on the legs that take about four to six weeks to heal. They often occur on the ankle. So, what causes these ulcers? Normally, veins transport deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart. One-way valves stop blood from flowing backward into the veins. Do you have leaky vein valves? You might experience one of the following:
- Blood clots in the vein.
- Vein walls stretch.
- Fluid seeps out of veins into tissues, leading to swelling.
- Swelling stops the supply of oxygen and nutrients to tissues. Lack of nutrients can lead to cell degeneration and damaged tissues, resulting in wound formation.
How To Diagnose And Take Care Of Leg Ulcers
Leg ulcers are usually seen on the front, sides, and the back of your legs. How can you tell when you have leg ulcers? You’ll notice the following:
- A sore with a red or yellow center
- A sore with uneven edges
- Affected skin areas may be painful, warm to the touch, and discolored.
- Sores may become infected, releasing a foul odor, which could be due to pus draining out from the infected area.
Are you having signs and symptoms of leg ulcers? Consult your physician immediately for the diagnosis and treatment process.
Your doctor will instruct you on how to take care of your leg ulcer for quick healing. Here are guidelines to follow:
- Ensure the bandages and the surrounding area of the ulcer are kept dry. Discard the bandages when the site gets soaked. Pat dry the affected area and put a clean dressing on the wound.
- Keep the wound and areas around it clean to prevent infection.
- Compress the affected area to stop the swelling and prevent tissues from stretching.
- Keep your feet above your heart’s level for 30 minutes or more daily.
- Exercise daily.
- Take your medication as prescribed by your doctor. Antibiotics are often administered to prevent infection.
- If the wound gets worse, consult your doctor as soon as possible.
How To Prevent Leg Ulcers
Ulcers are likely to recur after ten years of the first one. Have you had a leg ulcer before? Are you at risk of having a leg ulcer? To prevent complications, try the following:
- Check your legs, heels, and feet daily for cracks or color changes of the skin.
- Avoid smoking
- Exercise everyday
- Wear compression socks
- Consult a vein specialist concerning other venous procedures.
Do you have varicose veins? You have a higher chance of having leg ulcers. Seek medical attention immediately. There are treatment procedures adopted in treating varicose veins.
Are you at risk of developing venous leg ulcers? Talk to a vein specialist at United Vein Centers. We have state-of-the-art technology and perform minimally invasive in-office procedures with little or no downtime. Contact us today in Chicago. We’re known for quality testing and diagnosis of vein disease.